Where do ants go when they have to go? Scientists at the Universität Regensburg have discovered that ants use toilets. They fed ants coloured food, and found that certain spots in the nest turned colourful. And the ants didn’t just put their toilets anywhere – almost all the ants placed their toilets in the corners.
“For ants, which like us live in very dense communities, sanitation is a big problem”, says Dr. Tomer Czaczkes, who led the study. “Ants normally keep a very clean nest, and usually throw out dangerous rubbish, like food remains and corpses”. But the scientists noticed something puzzling: they kept ants in white plaster nests, and distinct brown patches always formed in these nests. These brown patches looked suspiciously like faeces. So the scientists made lots of little white nests, and gave the ants sugar water coloured with either red or blue food colouring. The results were clear: One or two corners of each nest started to change colour – and always the colour of the food the ants were fed.
The researchers are still not quite sure why the ants do this. Why don’t the ants just go outside to do their business? “It’s a puzzle” said Czaczkes. “Usually, ants keep their nest very clean – throwing out waste, and even sterilizing the nest with acid”. The researchers suggest that perhaps the waste in fact might be useful. “Some insects use faeces for defence, as building materials, as manure for their crops, and even as way markings. Perhaps these toilets are also gardens for crops, or even stores for valuable nutrients.” Maybe, though, the ants just don’t want to go outside to do their business. While the precise role of these toilets awaits discovery, we now know that ants are as organised in their private lives as they are above ground.
Manuscript title: Nest etiquette - where ants go when nature calls
Authors: Czaczkes, T.J., Heinze, J, & Ruther, J.
Institute: Universität Regensburg, Germany
Publication: Public Library of Science One (PLOS One)
Publication date: February 18th 2015
Notes: Further images of ant toilets and more information available on request
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