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07/22/2022 09:08

Vertical PV power plants reduce the need for gas imports and electricity storage systems

Dr. Rebecca Schweier Presse- und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit
Hochschule für Technik, Wirtschaft und Kultur Leipzig

    Leipzig researchers show in new study: Vertical PV power plants on agricultural land offer enormous potential for Germany’s energy transition

    Solar energy is not subject to supply shortages, is cheap and CO₂-neutral. To achieve maximum energy yield, PV power plants are usually installed facing south with an angle of inclination of 20 to 35 degrees. As a result, a lot of electricity is generated in summer as well as at midday. In the future, renewable energies are to completely replace fossil fuels - a major challenge. If solar modules continue to be installed primarily in a southern orientation in the future, additional electricity storage systems will be needed to compensate for fluctuations depending on the day and season. In a new study published in the journal "Smart Energy," a research team from Leipzig shows that it would make sense to primarily install bifacial solar modules vertically in the future and use agricultural land for this purpose.

    "Bifacial solar modules can use solar energy from both sides. Installed in an east-west orientation, most electricity is generated in the morning and evening. This would reduce the need for electricity storage while at the same time minimizing the amount of land required for electricity generation," says Sophia Reker of Leipzig University of Applied Sciences (HTWK Leipzig) and lead author of the study "Integration of vertical solar power plants into a future German energy system." The researchers base their argument on a simulation of the German energy system using the Energyplan software.

    New legislative package to accelerate expansion of renewable energies

    In order to become independent of energy imports and reduce CO₂ emissions, the German parliament passed a comprehensive legislative package at the beginning of July to accelerate the expansion of renewable energies in Germany. According to this, the share of renewable energies in total electricity consumption is to be increased from just under 50 percent at present to 80 percent by 2030. Among other things, the regulatory framework for new PV power plants is to be improved in order to achieve the target.

    "Bifacial solar modules are more expensive than conventional solar systems. But because they increase the number of hours of available solar energy, other electricity needs, such as in gas-fired power plants, are reduced. Installed vertically, PV power plants can be well sited on agricultural land. This creates additional income opportunities for farmers and increases the land potential for renewable energy in Germany to such an extent that we would only need to import a small amount of additional energy," says Jens Schneider, Professor of Interconnected Energy Systems at HTWK Leipzig and co-author of the study. PV power plants installed on agricultural land can support the growth of certain crops by protecting plants from wind and heat. Flowering strips for more biodiversity are possible directly under the modules. The German government's new legislative package will increase incentives for so-called agri-photovoltaics in the future.

    Modeling the energy system in 2030 as a basis

    For their study, Sophia Reker, Jens Schneider and Christoph Gerhards used Energyplan as a software to model an energy system for Germany that, in line with Germany's climate protection targets, would produce 80 percent lower CO₂ emissions in 2030 compared to 1990. To achieve this, the researchers assume an increase from the current 64 to 195 gigawatts of wind power and from the current 58 to 400 gigawatts of solar power. To be able to actually use this installed capacity, electricity storage facilities are needed. In their study, the researchers show that the need for electricity storage decreases if the majority of photovoltaic capacity added is installed vertically in an east-west orientation. For example, in a scenario without additional electricity storage, more than 10 megatons of CO₂ per year can be saved simply by installing 70 to 90 percent of the added solar modules vertically in an east-west orientation rather than tilted to the south.

    Sophia Reker studied energy, building and environmental technology in her master's degree at HTWK Leipzig. The paper is based on her master's thesis from 2021. Reker works as a research associate in the research group of Prof. Jens Schneider. Sustainability and climate neutrality are a cross-sectional topic in research and teaching at HTWK Leipzig.

    Contact for scientific information:

    Sophia Reker, HTWK Leipzig, Faculty of Engineering
    Tel.: +49 341 3076-4110, E-Mail:

    Prof. Dr. Jens Schneider, HTWK Leipzig, Faculty of Engineering
    Tel.: +49 341 3076-4178, E-Mail:

    Original publication:

    Sophia Reker, Jens Schneider, Christoph Gerhards (2022): Integration of vertical solar power plants into a future German energy system, Smart Energy 7,

    More information: The company Next2Sun provides extensive picture on Agri-PV which can be used freely in press media under the condition that the source Next2Sun GmbH is mentioned.


    Vertically installed, bifacial solar modules on farmland
    Vertically installed, bifacial solar modules on farmland

    Next2Sun GmbH

    Criteria of this press release:
    Journalists, Scientists and scholars, all interested persons
    transregional, national
    Research results, Scientific Publications



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