idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

Nachrichten, Termine, Experten

Grafik: idw-Logo
Medienpartner:
Wissenschaftsjahr


Teilen: 
06.08.2018 09:30

Water or Land? Plants control their photosynthesis similarly, regardless of their origin

Melanie Löw Presse- und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit
Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

    Plants carry out photosynthesis and thus form the basis for most life on earth. Researchers from Kaiserslautern and Potsdam have now investigated whether the production of photosynthesis proteins in land plants and algae differs. To do so, they examined translation; this is the process by which the genetic information is converted into proteins. They have discovered that all plants produce the same amounts of major proteins involved in photosynthesis, but in some cases based on different strategies. The result shows how important these proteins are for plants, regardless of their habitat. The findings of the study can help to make crop plants more resistant to climate change.

    The study was published in the journal “Nature Plants”.

    In photosynthesis, plants produce carbohydrates from CO2 using light. During this process, they also release oxygen. This biochemically complex process takes place in chloroplasts, small green organelles with their own genome. “It also contains the genes of the proteins involved in photosynthesis,” said assistant professor Dr Felix Willmund from the group of Molecular Genetics of Eukaryotes at the Technische Universität Kaiserslautern.

    In order to “convert” this genetic information into proteins, the first step is to copy the genetic material into a transcript, termed ribonucleic acid (RNA). “The transcript serves as a kind of blueprint with the help of which large molecule complexes, the so-called ribosomes, assemble proteins from individual amino acids,” says lead author Dr Raphael Trösch, who is part of the Willmund research group on the Kaiserslautern campus. This process is also known as translation.

    In the current study, Trösch and Willmund together with colleagues around Dr Reimo Zoschke from the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology (MPI-MP) in Potsdam-Golm investigated whether there are differences between land plants and algae that are far apart in evolutionary history. They compared these molecular processes in green algae, tobacco plants and Arabidopsis thaliana using a new method. They applied the so-called ribosome profiling. In this method, the researchers take a look at the RNA and ribosomes present during translation. Similar to a footprint, ribosomes leave traces on the RNA that allow scientists to create a characteristic image that shows them which proteins are produced in what quantities. The clue is as follows: “This technique provides us with an overview of the entire translation process, but we can also take a closer look at details,” said Zoschke, who heads the Translational Regulation in Plants working group at the MPI-MP.

    “For all three plant species, we found that the same amounts of proteins are formed during translation that play a role in photosynthesis,” explains Zoschke. However, the researchers have also found that there are differences in the molecular processes that occur before and during translation. “Nevertheless, over the course of evolution, the different plants have developed mechanisms to produce the same photosynthesis components in equal amounts during translation,” says Willmund. “This shows the central importance of these molecules.”

    The studies took place in the Collaborative Research Centre (SFB Transregio TRR175) “The Green Hub – Central Coordinator of Acclimation in Plants”. It has been funded by the German Research Foundation since 2016. Research teams from Berlin, Potsdam-Golm, Munich, and Kaiserslautern are investigating how plants can adapt to changing environmental conditions. The results of the current study also show that plants succeeded with different strategies in achieving a very similar photosynthesis process despite different living conditions. It is therefore important to investigate such fundamental processes in order to better understand which mechanisms plants use to cope with environmental influences such as strong changes in temperature or light, for example. In the future, this knowledge will help to make crop plants more resistant to climate change.

    The study was published in the renowned journal “Nature Plants”:
    “Commonalities and differences of chloroplast translation in a green alga and land plants”
    DOI: 10.1038/s41477-018-0211-0

    Questions can be directed to:
    Assistant Professor Dr Felix Willmund
    Molecular Genetics of Eukaryotes / TU Kaiserslautern
    Phone: +49(0)631 205-3254
    E-mail: willmund(at)bio.uni-kl.de

    Dr Reimo Zoschke
    Translational regulation in plants
    Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology
    Phone: +49(0)331 567-8375
    E-mail: zoschke(at)mpimp-golm.mpg.de


    Wissenschaftliche Ansprechpartner:

    Assistant Professor Dr Felix Willmund
    Molecular Genetics of Eukaryotes / TU Kaiserslautern
    Phone: +49(0)631 205-3254
    E-mail: willmund(at)bio.uni-kl.de

    Dr Reimo Zoschke
    Translational regulation in plants
    Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology
    Phone: +49(0)331 567-8375
    E-mail: zoschke(at)mpimp-golm.mpg.de


    Originalpublikation:

    Nature Plants: Commonalities and differences of chloroplast translation in a green alga and land plants
    Raphael Trösch, Rouhollah Barahimipour, Yang Gao, Jesús Agustín Badillo-Corona, Vincent Leon Gotsmann, David Zimmer, Timo Mühlhaus, Reimo Zoschke &
    Felix Willmund
    DOI: 10.1038/s41477-018-0211-0


    Merkmale dieser Pressemitteilung:
    Journalisten, Wissenschaftler
    Biologie, Umwelt / Ökologie
    überregional
    Forschungsergebnisse, Wissenschaftliche Publikationen
    Englisch


    Assistant Professor Dr Felix Willmund


    Zum Download

    x

    The microscopic image shows a chloroplast in which the photosynthesis takes place.


    Zum Download

    x

    Hilfe

    Die Suche / Erweiterte Suche im idw-Archiv
    Verknüpfungen

    Sie können Suchbegriffe mit und, oder und / oder nicht verknüpfen, z. B. Philo nicht logie.

    Klammern

    Verknüpfungen können Sie mit Klammern voneinander trennen, z. B. (Philo nicht logie) oder (Psycho und logie).

    Wortgruppen

    Zusammenhängende Worte werden als Wortgruppe gesucht, wenn Sie sie in Anführungsstriche setzen, z. B. „Bundesrepublik Deutschland“.

    Auswahlkriterien

    Die Erweiterte Suche können Sie auch nutzen, ohne Suchbegriffe einzugeben. Sie orientiert sich dann an den Kriterien, die Sie ausgewählt haben (z. B. nach dem Land oder dem Sachgebiet).

    Haben Sie in einer Kategorie kein Kriterium ausgewählt, wird die gesamte Kategorie durchsucht (z.B. alle Sachgebiete oder alle Länder).

    Cookies optimieren die Bereitstellung unserer Dienste. Durch das Weitersurfen auf idw-online.de erklären Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies einverstanden. Datenschutzerklärung
    Okay