idw – Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

Nachrichten, Termine, Experten

Grafik: idw-Logo
Thema Corona

Science Video Project
idw-Abo

idw-News App:

AppStore

Google Play Store



Teilen: 
19.10.2021 20:00

AI helping to quantify enzyme activity

Dr.rer.nat. Arne Claussen Stabsstelle Presse und Kommunikation
Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf

    Bioinformatics: publication in PLOS Biology

    Enzymes are biological catalysts that facilitate biochemical transformations. An international team of bioinformatics researchers led by Prof. Dr. Martin Lercher at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU) has developed a new process for predicting Michaelis constants, which determine reaction kinetics. They describe their Artificial Intelligence (AI) approach in the current edition of the journal PLOS Biology.

    Without enzymes, an organism would not be able to survive. It is these biocatalysts that facilitate a whole range of chemical reactions, producing the building blocks of the cells. Enzymes are also used widely in biotechnology and in our households, where they are used in detergents, for example.

    To describe metabolic processes facilitated by enzymes, scientists refer to what is known as the Michaelis-Menten equation. The equation describes the rate of an enzymatic reaction depending on the concentration of the substrate – which is transformed into the end products during the reaction. A central factor in this equation is the ‘Michaelis constant’, which characterises the enzyme’s affinity for its substrate.

    It takes a great deal of time and effort to measure this constant in a lab. As a result, experimental estimates of these constants exist for only a minority of enzymes. A team of researchers from the HHU Institute of Computational Cell Biology and Chalmers University of Technology in Stockholm has now chosen a different approach to predict the Michaelis constants from the structures of the substrates and enzymes using AI.

    They applied their approach, based on deep learning methods, to 47 model organisms ranging from bacteria to plants and humans. Because this approach requires training data, the researchers used known data from almost 10,000 enzyme-substrate combinations. They tested the results using Michaelis constants that had not been used for the learning process.

    Prof. Lercher had this to say about the quality of the results: “Using the independent test data, we were able to demonstrate that the process can predict Michaelis constants with an accuracy similar to the differences between experimental values from different laboratories. It is now possible for computers to estimate a new Michaelis constant in just a few seconds without the need for an experiment.”

    The sudden availability of Michaelis constants for all enzymes of model organisms opens up new paths for metabolic computer modelling, as highlighted by the journal PLOS Biology in an accompanying article.


    Originalpublikation:

    Alexander Kroll, Martin K. M. Engqvist, David Heckmann, Martin Lercher, Deep learning allows genome-scale prediction of Michaelis constants from structural features, PLOS Biology (2021).

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3001402


    Merkmale dieser Pressemitteilung:
    Journalisten, Wissenschaftler
    Biologie, Informationstechnik, Medizin
    überregional
    Forschungsergebnisse, Wissenschaftliche Publikationen
    Englisch


    Schematic presentation of the prediction process for Michaelis constants of enzymes using deep learning methods.


    Zum Download

    x

    Hilfe

    Die Suche / Erweiterte Suche im idw-Archiv
    Verknüpfungen

    Sie können Suchbegriffe mit und, oder und / oder nicht verknüpfen, z. B. Philo nicht logie.

    Klammern

    Verknüpfungen können Sie mit Klammern voneinander trennen, z. B. (Philo nicht logie) oder (Psycho und logie).

    Wortgruppen

    Zusammenhängende Worte werden als Wortgruppe gesucht, wenn Sie sie in Anführungsstriche setzen, z. B. „Bundesrepublik Deutschland“.

    Auswahlkriterien

    Die Erweiterte Suche können Sie auch nutzen, ohne Suchbegriffe einzugeben. Sie orientiert sich dann an den Kriterien, die Sie ausgewählt haben (z. B. nach dem Land oder dem Sachgebiet).

    Haben Sie in einer Kategorie kein Kriterium ausgewählt, wird die gesamte Kategorie durchsucht (z.B. alle Sachgebiete oder alle Länder).